Agriculture In the Indus region, at present there was much less rainfall than before.  Looking at the rich countryside and cities here, it is known that in ancient times this region was very fertile.  It is clear from the walls of baked bricks erected to protect the village that the latter used to come every year. 

 The people of the Indus civilization used to sow seeds in the flood plains in the month of November after the flood had subsided and harvested wheat and barley in the month of April before the arrival of the next flood.  The kunds (Halrekha) which have been seen in the pre-Harappan period in Kalibanga, it is estimated that the plow was used in Rajasthan during the Harappan period. 

 The people of Indus civilization used to grow grains like wheat, barley, rye, peas etc.  He had knowledge of nine types of crops.  They used to grow two varieties of wheat and barley.  Apart from this, they also used to grow sesame and mustard.  The credit for producing the first cotton goes to the people of the Indus civilization.  Since cotton was first grown in the Indus region, the Greeks called it Sindon.  

Evidence of rice production has been found from Lothal and Rangpur.  No evidence of sugarcane has been found.  Evidence has been found about millet cultivation from Lothal and Saurashtra and Ragi from Rojdi (Gujarat).  The Indus people were familiar with the use of the plow.  

Evidence of plowing fields and cultivation of mustard have been found in the pre-Indus period of Kalibanga.  A toy plow made of clay was found from Cholistan in Bahawalpur district in Pakistan's Punjab province and Banawali in Fatehabad district of Haryana state of India.  There is no evidence of irrigation through canal.